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The September 2012 Simple Science Strategies Blog Carnival is Here!

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Observation — the focus for September 2012

Welcome to the September 30, 2012 edition of Simple Science Strategies!


Blog Carnival archive - simple science strategies

Mushrooms and Lichens

Hot off the press! We demonstrate how some fungi disperse their spores in Puffballs! posted at A Child’s Garden. We didn’t intend to study puffballs, but here they showed up, overnight, at the edge of our driveway. So (of course) we had to stop our course and spend time with them!

We also included Make Room for Mushrooms posted at A Child’s Garden. This was originally posted in 2011, but submitted to this year’s blog carnival, because we learned so much, that we wanted to share it again.

 

Ant Colonies

Our ant studies are repeats from last fall, because we liked the way we conducted (and reported) our nature study, and didn’t want to tweak it! September Study 3: Ants,Termites and Ant Lions posted at A Child’s Garden includes lots of links and suggestions for carrying out ant studies (perfect for fall).

Because the “One Small Square” strategy was covered in this month’s Simple Science Strategies newsletter and posts, we shared a past study of Citronella ants using the strategy. In Citronella Ants Go Marching, posted at A Child’s Garden. We used the “One Small Square” strategy as we explored under the rock and brick edging of our flower bed, and discovered a species of ant that we hadn’t known about before. Fun!

 

Bird Feeding

As part of our Exploring Creation Through Zoology studies, we have conducted many experiments and investigations right in our own backyard. In What Color Attracts More Birds? – A Lesson on Fractions, posted at A Child’s Garden. We connected science and grade-level work on fractions as one learning task to accompany our study of birds and their feeding preferences.

 

Wildflowers and Seeds

In our favorite fall study, we present September Wildflowers in Connecticut – Our Sock Walk. posted at A Child’s Garden. We wanted to share the wildflowers we saw on our sock walk, plus the (not-so-great) results of our follow-up investigation (where we planted our socks), so we put the photos together in a mini-field guide.

As a result of our hike, we learned a lot about how plants disperse their seeds. In our Squidoo lens, Seeds Get Around, posted at A Child’s Garden, we share a botany study that was a spin-off from our wildflower and seed work, and show what we learned about seed dispersal mechanisms.

That concludes this edition. Submit your blog article to the next edition of Simple Science Strategies using our carnival submission form. Past posts and future hosts can be found on our blog carnival index page.


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The Nature Corner: An Invitation to Observe

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Invitations…

Invitations are hands on, rich learning opportunities that are designed to connect with students’ background knowledge and interest and deepen their knowledge about a topic.

By carefully selecting the materials to put in the invitation, a teacher can guide a student to coming to an important conclusion, lead the student toward a skill goal, or create a burning question that compels a student to want to learn more.

When designing an invitation, remember that the root word of “invitation” is invite. That means, the materials engage and draw in the students, to lead them to the big learning that you desire. However, because invitations are open-ended, we also must be prepared for divergent responses to the materials in the center — there is not a “right” answer to the work. You might place a bucket of seashells in the sensory table, and sorting buckets, but one little guy might create a story about the little creature who lived in one whelk shell.

Safariology: My Bug Box (with four magnifying/sorting compartments, tweezers and activity book). $10.98 at HearthSong.

Designing Your Invitation

Here are the considerations when designing the invitation in your nature center:

  • What’s my learning goal?
  • What do I want my students to focus on?
  • What materials will lead them to this focus?
  • How will the students show what they know?

So, what do you put in a nature center that invites students to observe? Read below for ideas for a botany nature corner:

Focus on… Color and Details

Photo credit: (c) 2012 Kim M. Bennett

  • Flowers with lots of color and details, such as bugleweed, butterfly weed or lantana
  • Art materials that create fine details: pencils (regular and colored), fine-tip markers, skinny paint brushes and watercolors
  • Sketch journals

Focus on… Looking Closely

Photo credit: (c) 2012 Kim M. Bennett

  • Flowers or plant material with fine details, such as lichens, Queen Anne’s lace, or goldenrod
  • Hand lenses, viewing boxes, stereoscopes and magnifying glasses
  • Very sharp pencils
  • Notebooking pages with frames and lined areas for journaling

Focus on… Looking Inside

Photo credit: (c) 2012 Kim M. Bennett

  • Seed pods or structures that can be cut or pried open, such as milkweed pods, black locust or honeylocust pods, or insect galls
  • Plastic, disposable knives and child scissors, tweezers
  • Plastic trays or small cutting boards
  • Pencils and blank copy paper, folded in half (labeled “Outside” and “Inside”)

Focus on… Order and Sequence

Photo credit: (c) 2012 Kim M. Bennett

  • Plant material with flowers and seed heads in various stages of maturation, such as red clover, dandelions, or wild roses
  • Art supplies: colored pencils, fine-tip black markers
  • Notebooking pages with multiple frames to show sequence, or Flow Maps

Focus on… Describing with Adjectives

Photo credit: (c) 2012 Kim M. Bennett

  • Any interesting natural objects, such as wildflowers, seashells, mosses or other items
  • Writing tools: pencils, erasers
  • Copies of paper for making Bubble Maps, concept webs, or an Observation Page (“I Notice… I Wonder…”)

Focus on… Similarities and Differences

Photo credit: (c) 2012 Kim M. Bennett

  • Plant materials that are very similar, such as several types of grass seed heads, flowers from different goldenrod species, or acorns from different species of oak
  • Writing tools: pencils, erasers
  • Blank paper for making Double Bubble Maps or  Venn diagrams

Focus on… Whole and Parts

Photo credit: (c) 2012 Kim M. Bennett

  • Large flower/seed heads that can be dissected with hands, such as sunflower heads or small ears of ornamental corn
  • Tweezers and sorting containers
  • Copies of Brace Maps or blank paper to create them

 

For more examples and information on invitations and nature centers:

For more ideas on observations and nature study:

 

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